Reggio Emilia

The Reggio Emilia Approach is a philosophy for preschool and primary education. Developed in Italy, its goal is to develop a lifelong passion for learning and exploration.

Child-Centred Philosophy 

  • The focus is on children’s natural development and close connection to their environment 
  • Children are viewed as capable, creative, curious and full of potential 
  • They are active participants in education 

Play and Projects 

  • Instruction is delivered largely through play and projects 
  • Projects are in-depth studies of concepts, ideas and interests that come from the children 
  • Projects build valuable skills related to collaboration, research, discussion, negotiation, problem solving and evaluation 

Student-Led Curriculum 

  • Curriculum is flexible and builds upon the students’ interests 
  • Topics for study arise from student ideas and observations, classroom discussions, community and family events, as well as from popular themes such as dinosaurs, nature, construction sites, etc. 

Joyful Classrooms 

  • Physical space is an important consideration in the Reggio Emilia Approach 
  • Classrooms are open, pleasant spaces full of natural light 
  • They are designed to create a feeling of playfulness and joy 

Guiding Principles 

  • Children must have some control over the direction of their learning 
  • Children must have opportunities to learrn through touching, moving, listening and observing 
  • Children must be allowed to explore their relationship with other children and the world around them
  • Children must have endless ways and opportunities to express themselves